Posted on: Friday 15 February 2013 - Closing date: Friday 22 February 2013, 5PM
The Royal Government of Cambodia is developing a Climate Change Financing Framework (CCFF), which will serve as the basis to mobilise and manage climate change funds, in particular to inform the implementation of the Cambodia Climate Change Strategic Plan. The Climate Change Financing Framework should provide information on the estimated costs of the climate change response for the next 5 and 10 years, analyze potential sources of funding, and make recommendations on the institutional and financing mechanisms to be put in place for the management of climate change related investments in Cambodia and integration of these investments into overall development planning.
The work is being led by a Climate Finance sub-group under the Climate Change Technical Team (CCTT), which includes representatives of Ministries of Environment, Economy and Finance, Planning, the Secretariat of the National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development (NCDD-S), and the Council for the Development of Cambodia (CDC).
This initiative is supported by the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance, a joint programme funded by UNDP, SIDA, the European Union and DANIDA.
The purpose of the scoping mission outlined in these terms of reference is to produce a proposed approach, including work plan and corresponding terms of reference, for an exercise that will support the development of the CCFF through an analysis of:
(i) existing costs of responding to climate change as developed through a sector based expenditure analysis, and costs of the proposed response in key sectors;
(ii) the business process through which climate change related costs are currently, and could be in the future, integrated into investment planning;
(iii) the projected future costs of climate change (focused on adaptation); and
(iv) potential resourcing and management mechanisms to cover current and future climate change costs.
It is proposed that the analysis will focus on 4 to 5 priority sectors/ministries and 2 local areas (district or commune level). Results will be fed into the overall consultation and design of the CCFF.
Cambodia is already investing significantly in responding to climate change. The recent Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (2012) identified a range of climate relevant expenditures which were seen to have grown from 14% in 2009 to nearly 17% in 2011. The figures include both on-budget and off-budget funding. Total climate relevant expenditure in 2011 was estimated at CR 3076bn (US$ 769m). Ministry of Public Works and Transport; Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology; Ministry of Health; and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries were estimated to be spending the majority of climate related expenditures, alongside a range of other ministries including at the local level.
Clearly adaptation to climate change is already being integrated into development programming (both implicitly and explicitly) in the Cambodia context. However, adaptation to climate change is a relatively new effort and much is unknown about the right kind of adaptations to make. Having been recognized as necessary, the actual steps needed (i.e. the kinds of investment required) are not fully understood. This assignment aims both to develop a better understanding of the kinds of investments that Cambodia needs to make in order to adapt to a changing climate; and to strengthen investment planning so this better understanding can lead to changes in investment portfolios at the sector level.
To enable Cambodia to make smart investments with scarce public finance, it will be necessary to build on existing expenditures that relate to climate change; and to strengthen existing business processes so that they better include cost-benefit analysis related to climate change. This transformation in the business process will require the requisite capacity in personnel and data to be available to the appropriate Ministries and for those resources to be deployed iteratively identifying the costs and benefits of alternative investments on adaptation and feeding this into decision making processes. Whilst the assignment described in these terms of reference focuses on developing capacities to strengthen investments to address climate change adaptation at the sectoral level (for selected sectors), the scope of work will also include analysis of sector investments at the local level and how climate related costs can better be integrated into investment planning. These sector and local level analyses will complement each other.
As a first step in this process, this scoping exercise will:
(i) identify the existing expenditures that relate to climate change in the 4-5 sectors with the most climate relevant expenditure, and in two districts/communes (refining analysis included in the CPEIR);
(ii) identify the contours of the existing investment planning process (including how/if cost-benefit analysis informs this process and how climate change considerations might be included); and
(iii) analyze the existing capacity and capacity gaps to estimate the costs and benefits of alternative investments in climate change with a focus on adaptation, and suggest an approach to conduct initial sector/local analysis and capacity development in this area.
The overall scoping will result in:(i) a brief mission report presenting key findings and recommendations; (ii) an overall work plan for the next phase; (iii) draft local/sector specific work plans including draft local/sector specific expenditure and institutional profiles; (iv) terms of reference for the technical assistance required for the next phase.
Target sectors, thematic and local areas
At present,drawing from the CPEIR findings which identify these ministries as spending the largest quantities of climate related expenditures and consultations with government it is proposed that four ministries participate in the assignment: Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology, and Ministry of Public Works and Transport. These ministries represent broad sectoral areas that can potentially be addressed by the project – impacts of climate change on agriculture, human health, water resources and infrastructure.
The Cambodian Government may also wish to select 1 -2 priority thematic areas where analysis of current climate related investments, projected climate change costs; and necessary changes to investments might be required. Examples of such thematic areas include food security and green growth. Consultations with the technical team will be undertaken to determine the feasibility of the exercise in these cross-cutting areas, which will emerge more clearly once the scoping phase of the project is complete.It is quite likely, that a cross cutting thematic area is selected i.e. a theme that overlaps the work of all four ministries.
As noted, one area of analysis will be local level study. In consideration with the selection of sectors and themes, the local areasto include in the sector analysis will also be chosen once the scoping phase is over. It might be envisaged that this local level analysis will be undertaken in Battambang and Takeo provinces, where the government is already working with UNCDF to strengthen the budgeting and planning processes to include climate related investments.
10 working days in March 2013
The international consultant will be supported by a national consultant (public finance specialist / economist). The international consultant will be the team leader for this assignment and be responsible for the scoping methodology (including detailed tasks for the national consultant) and production of expected outputs.
Requirements for the international public finance/investment planning specialist
Minimum of a master’s degree or equivalent in economics, development studies, public administration/finance or related field demonstrably relevant to the position.
- At least 5 years of experience in conducting analysis in the field of public finance and/or public investment planning
- Familiarity with economic analysis of climate change investments strongly desired
- Good capacity development experience, including experience in developing countries
- Prior experience in Cambodia or South-East Asia will be an asset
- Previous work experience with UNDP will be an asset
- Strong technical background and proven competency in public finance, public investment planning
- Excellent English report writing skills
- Demonstrated analytical skills, ability to assess complex situations, to succinctly and clearly distill critical issues, to draw practical conclusions and produce high quality and constructive reports
- Demonstrated ability to work with developing country government agencies and NGOs.
- Experience leading multi-disciplinary, multi-national teams. Ability to meet short deadlines.
- Excellent interpersonal, coordination and planning skills. Sense of diplomacy and tact.
- Ability and willingness to travel to provincial areas.
- Computer literate (MS Office package).
- English, working knowledge of Khmer is an asset
The exercise will be conducted under the guidance of the Climate Finance sub-group, with day-to-day supervision from the CCCA Trust Fund Secretariat, and specific technical guidance from UNDP regional advisers on climate finance and economics of climate change.