Strengthening Country Capacity to Deal Effectively with Climate-Sensitive Vector-Borne and Water-Related Diseases and Reducing the Health Impacts (CC-Health)

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Cambodia is amongst the most vulnerable countries in South-East Asia to climate change and its health impacts, with seven of its provinces in the top 50 most vulnerable regions (Yusuf A 2010).

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) such as dengue fever and malaria are particularly susceptible to climate change, due to climatic influences on the range, survival and behaviour of their insect vectors (mosquitoes) which transmit these pathogens to humans and influence on the replication of the virus (for dengue) and parasite (for malaria). In general, transmission dynamics favour warmer and wetter environments, such as the environment in many areas of Cambodia. Threats from other VBDs beyond dengue and malaria are also a potential, such as Chikungunya and Zika virus. Recent reports of the presence of these diseases in regional countries and the fact that they are also transmitted by the same Aedes mosquitoes that transmits dengue, further increase the threat they pose.

There are also adverse effects and impacts of climate change on water quality (safety), water quantity (availability) and water-related diseases (WRDs). Cambodia already suffers from a significant burden of WRDs.


Mainstreaming Climate Change in Education (MCCE)

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The core problem to be addressed by the project is that the subject on Climate Change (CC) mitigation and adaptation is not included in the national education curriculum and no activities supporting the CC mitigation and adaptation initiatives are implemented at schools. The Department of Curriculum Development (DCD), which is responsible for developing and updating general education program, including curriculum, text books, and other educational materials, is interested in developing some education training materials on CC, integrating a CC subject into the education curriculum and establishing some mechanism to raise awareness and to practice basic CC mitigation and adaptation activities. However, the DCD still lacks some resources and experience to do this independently and needs cooperation with some organizations which have them.


Increasing Resilience to Climate Change for Farmers in Rural Cambodia through Climate-Smart Agriculture Practices (IR-CSA)

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At present, there is already emerging evidence that agriculture-based livelihoods and overall food security in Cambodia are being affected by increased frequency and severity of floods, dry spells and drought events. Although Cambodia has limited exposure to climate hazards, it is considered to be extremely vulnerable due to its low adaptive capacity.

The majority of Cambodians live in rural areas and their livelihoods depend on climate patterns. It is therefore projected that the poor will suffer the most from the impacts of climate change. Reduced agricultural production could lead to hunger and malnutrition, and impact negatively on the country’s overall economic performance. Given the current context of Cambodia and potential future threats posed by climate change to the country, there is urgent need to respond to the threats of climate change in agriculture and water resources management. Both government agencies and community organizations have limited capacity to internalize and develop appropriate longer-term resilience mechanisms to respond to climate change threats.


Climate Change NewsLinks

  • The new normal: facing climate change +

    Source: Phnom Penh Post, Fri, 17 February 2017   Last year’s drought caused a nationwide crisis, with harvests ruined, forest Read More
  • Act Together to Protect Cambodia From Climate Change +

    Source: The Cambodia Daily, 4 January 2016 It’s time for us to discuss, plan and act together to protect Cambodia Read More
  • Ambitious agenda needed to fight climate change +

    Source: The Phnom Penh Post Fri, 16 September 2016 George Edgar Last December, 195 countries, including Cambodia, gathered in Paris Read More
  • Scenes from a drought - Across the country, water scarcity is threatening health and livelihoods +

    Source: Phnom Penh Post, 29 April 2016 Banteay Meanchey Since December, the only source of free water for the 600 Read More
  • Tonnes of fish killed by heat in Kampong Thom +

    Source: Phnom Penh Post Mon, 25 April 2016​ Niem Chheng and Sen David Record-breaking temperatures and drought are wreaking havoc Read More
  • Ratanakkiri Running Out of Water Amid Worst Drought in Years +

    Source: The Camboida Daily With a severe drought choking the northeast, it’s only a matter of weeks before many residents Read More
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