Global Policies on Climate Change

This timeline provides you a comprehensive overview of various important policies related to climate change at a global and national level. Much of the information contained here is provided by external sources.

 

DCC Roles and Functions

As the national focal point, the Department of Climate Change, General Secretariat of the National Council for Sustainable Development is the core agency responsible for climate change activities in Cambodia. At Regional Level, Cambodia participates in a number of regional information sharing platforms and forums, such as WGIA, Asia Adaptation Platform, ASEAN Working Group on Climate Change (AWGCC). In October 2011, Cambodia hosted the WGIA in Phnom Penh to share capacity building for measurability, reportability and verifiability.

At national level, DCC as the technical national focal point plays an important role as the coordinating body for climate change activities, including information and networking. The Climate Change website (www.camclimate.org.kh) was established and hosted by DCC to disseminate information. There is no network related to research activities in Cambodia, however, notable improvements in networking have been observed recently among members of the climate change technical team of the NCSD.

Roles and Responsibilities

Stated in the sub-decree of the GSSD establishment No. 59, dated 18 May 2015, DCC is responsible for the following duties:

  • Develop draft legal instruments, policy, strategic plans, action plans and budget, promote collaboration with relevant stakeholders, build staff capacity of the department, manage finance, conduct internal monitoring, and manage administration relevant to the roles and duties of the department;
  • Coordinate and implement legal instruments, policy, strategic plans, action plans, programmes and projects to mitigate greenhouse gases (GHGs) and adapt to climate change as well as conduct monitoring and evaluation, and reporting regularly;
  • Coordinate the development and management of GHGs inventories, national reports, and deliver government commitments under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC);
  • Coordinate to provide technical support in GHG inventory by sources;
  • Coordinate assessment of climate change vulnerability and opportunity;
  • Strengthen partnership and international cooperation to mobilise resource to respond to climate change;
  • Propose fund development and management to support implementation of policy to respond to climate change;
  • Design, develop and manage climate change information and knowledge management system;
  • Disseminate government response to climate change to the public, development partners and international community;
  • Perform duty as national focal point for international conventions, protocols, and agreements related to climate change;
  • Coordinate with climate change focal point persons in relevant ministries and agencies;
  • Develop monthly, quarterly, semi-annual, nine-monthly and annual reports of the department and the Secretariat; and
  • Perform other tasks as assigned by NCSD’s Secretary General.

Programs and Projects

Under its mandate, DCC is currently coordinating 3 main programmes

  • Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA), is a multi-donor initiative funded by EU, UNDP, SIDA and DANIDA with a budget of US$ 11 million in Phase 1 (2010-14) to strengthen national system and capacity to support the coordination of and implementation of Cambodia’s climate change response. Phase 2 is resuming its objective, 2014-19, with the amount of US$ 12.4 million funded by EU, UNDP and SIDA.
  • Strategic Programme for Climate Resilience (SPCR), which has been implemented in two phases. Phase I supported the country to assess and develop a SPCR. Phase II (Sep 2013 – Aug 2018) will implement SPCR’s 7 investment projects focusing on 3 priority areas i.e. agriculture, water resources and infrastructure. The programne has been implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Economy and Finance as well as several line ministries.
  • South East Asia Network on Climate Change (SEAN-CC) is funded by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to increase awareness of the local government officials on climate change and develop guidelines to mainstream climate change at the sub-national level.
 

MANDATE

KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA

Nation - Religion - King

 

Council of Ministers - Ministry of Environment

Establishment No. 195

Phnom Penh, 23 June 2003

 

DECLARATION on

THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CLIMATE CHANGE OFFICE THE MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT  

 

Having seen the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia. Having seen the Royal Decree No. នស-រកត-1198-72 dated 30 November 1998 on the Appointment of the Royal Government of Cambodia.

Having seen the Royal Krom No. នស-រកម-1296-36 dated 24 December 1996 promulgating the Law on Environmental Pretection and Natuaral Resource Management.

Having seen the Royal Krom No. នស-រកម-0196-21 dated 24 January 1996 on the Establishment of the Ministry of Environment.

Having seen Sub-decree No. 57 អនក្រស-បក dated 25 September 1997 on the Organization and Functions of the Ministry of Environment.

Having seen the Royal Krom No. នស-រកម-1296-35 dated 24 December 1996 promulgating the Law on the Retification of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Having seen the Letter of the Council of Ministers No. 967 សជណទស dated 28 June 2002 on the Royal Government Decision to Accede to the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Recognizing the urgent needs of the Ministry of Environment DECIDES:

-Article 1: Establish a Climate Change Office within the Department of Planning and Legal Affairs.

-Article 2: The Climate Change Office carries out the following tasks:

    • Undertake all the technical activities related to the  implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and other climate change-related tasks assigned by the Ministry of Environment;
    • Provide information and advice to the Royal Government in preparation of its positions for international negotiations and in establishment of national policies, legal instrument and plans in the field of climate change;
    • Identify and assess new technologies, which are appropriate for Cambodia to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change or to mitigate the greenhouse gas emissions in the country;
    • Organize training courses, workshops, seminars and meetings related to climate change;
    • Liaise with relevant national and international agencies;
    • Promote research activities and human capacity building in the field of climate change in Cambodia;
    • Develop new climate change-related project proposals for submitting to donor agencies;
    • Prepare progress reports to be submitted to the Ministry of Environment and other relevant agencies;
    • Promote public awareness & education on climate change;
    • Compile, manage and periodically update a database relating to the implementation of the UNFCCC in Cambodia;
    • Act as the secretariat of the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Focal Points for Cambodia;
    • and Enhance cooperation with relevant governmental agencies, national and international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and local communities to promote the implementation of the national climate change policies.

-Article 3: The Climate Change Office is led by a chief who is responsible for overall management and is supported by one or more vice-chiefs, as required.

-Article 4: The Climate Change Office is authorized to establish a number of administrative and technical units upon the needs.

-Article 5: Any previsions that are country to this Declaration shall be considered null.

-Article 6: The General Director of the Technical General Directorate, the General Director of the General Directorate of Administration and Finance, the Department of Planning and Legal Affairs, and other relevant Departments shall effectively implement this Declaration from the date of this signature. Minister of Environment CC: - The Council of Ministers - Ministry of Economy and Finance - State Secretariat of Public Functions.

 

HISTORY

Cambodia ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 18 December 1995. The Convention entered into force for Cambodia on 17 March 1996.

The country began it's first climate change related project in 1999, tittled, Cambodia's Climate Change Enabling Activity Project (CCEAP). This project was implemented by the Cambodian Ministry of Environment (MoE) with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF).

The objective of this three-year project was to prepare the Initial National Communication of Cambodia to the UNFCCC. This was seen as the first step taken by the Government in implementing the UNFCCC in Cambodia. The project has assisted the country in building its climate change technical and institutional capacity and helped raise climate change awareness among institutions and individuals from the grass-root level to the high political level.

The project was then expanded into Phase 2 for an additional one year period in 2002. Phase 2 helped Cambodia expand and strengthen its climate change capacity by focusing on improving activity data and emission factors in land use change and forestry and agriculture sectors. These activities were selected due to the importance of these sectors in terms of economic development and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission/removal.      

In August 2002, the Minister of Environment assumed the UNFCCC National Focal Point position. This was the only international environmental convention that has ministerial level focal point in Cambodia, highlighting the Government's recognition of the importance of and commitment to addressing climate change issues.

In June 2003, the Ministry of Environment established a separate office called "Cambodia Climate Change Office (CCCO)" as cited in its declaration No.195 dated on 23 June 2003. This office is responsible for all activities related to climate change.  

In December 2002, MoE and UNEP Risoe Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development (URC) signed an agreement on Phase 1 implementation of a project called  "Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism (CD4CDM)", which was successfully completed in April 2003. The project is financially supported by the Netherlands' Ministry of Foreign Affairs via the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Subsequently, CCCO started implementation of CD4CDM Phase 2 in July 2003. Phase 2 was expected to be completed in December 2005. The overall development objective of this program is to generate, in selected developing countries, a broad understanding and develop institutional capacity and human capacity to "fully participate as equal partners with developed countries in the formulation and implementation of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)". The program is implemented for UNEP by URC, which is responsible for collaboration with the national institutions involved.  

Under this project Cambodia has identified 5 immediate objectives:    

  • Objective1: Establish procedural and infrastructural elements forming a prerequisite for successful implementation of project activities;  
  • Objective2: Conduct information campaigns and awareness raising on the benefits of the CDM for relevant target groups and generate support of the government for participating in the CDM;  
  • Objective3: Assist the Government in establishing the Designated National Authority;  
  • Objective4: Facilitate capacity development for public and private sector players to identify, formulate and secure financing for CDM project on as needs basis; and  
  • Objective5: Create a pipeline of CDM-eligibles projects.    

In August 2003, CCCO started implementation of a new project called "National Adaptation Program of Action to Climate Change (NAPA)" with financial support from GEF through UNDP. This project aims to develop a realistically achievable country-driven program of action and priority activities addressing the urgent and immediate needs and concerns of Cambodia for adaptation to climate change.  

In October 2003, the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) of Japan started implementation of a capacity building programme for CDM in a number of Asian countries, including Cambodia, called "Integrated Capacity Strengthening for CDM (ICS-CDM). The goal of ICS-CDM is to enable developing countries in Asia and investors from Japan to fully participate in CDM projects that contribute to sustainable development of host countries. The ICS-CDM project is sponsored by the Ministry of Environment of Japan (MoE-Japan).

In October 2009, the CCCO was promoted to the Climate Change Department (CCD) by the government sub-decree No. 175, dated 14 October 2009. It is an arm of the Directorate General of Administration for Nature Conservation and Protection (GDANCP) of the Ministry of Environment with a mission to contribute to sustainable development under climate change conditions and in accordance with the policy of the Royal Government of Cambodia.

In May 2015, responding to the MoE’s structural reform, Department of Climate Change (DCC) substituted for CCD has been moved under the National Council for Sustainable Development-General Secretariat (GSSD) mandatory to promote sustainable development aimed at ensuring economic, environmental, social and cultural balance within the Kingdom of Cambodia.

 

Climate Change NewsLinks

  • The new normal: facing climate change +

    Source: Phnom Penh Post, Fri, 17 February 2017   Last year’s drought caused a nationwide crisis, with harvests ruined, forest Read More
  • Act Together to Protect Cambodia From Climate Change +

    Source: The Cambodia Daily, 4 January 2016 It’s time for us to discuss, plan and act together to protect Cambodia Read More
  • Ambitious agenda needed to fight climate change +

    Source: The Phnom Penh Post Fri, 16 September 2016 George Edgar Last December, 195 countries, including Cambodia, gathered in Paris Read More
  • Scenes from a drought - Across the country, water scarcity is threatening health and livelihoods +

    Source: Phnom Penh Post, 29 April 2016 Banteay Meanchey Since December, the only source of free water for the 600 Read More
  • Tonnes of fish killed by heat in Kampong Thom +

    Source: Phnom Penh Post Mon, 25 April 2016​ Niem Chheng and Sen David Record-breaking temperatures and drought are wreaking havoc Read More
  • Ratanakkiri Running Out of Water Amid Worst Drought in Years +

    Source: The Camboida Daily With a severe drought choking the northeast, it’s only a matter of weeks before many residents Read More
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